A FORM OF PRAYER WITH FASTING,
To be used yearly on the Thirtieth of
Being the Day of the Martyrdom of the Blessed King CHARLES
the First; to implore the mercy of God, that neither the Guilt of that sacred
and innocent Blood, nor those other sins, by which God was provoked to deliver
up both us and our King into the hands of cruel and unreasonable men, may at
any time hereafter be visited upon us or our posterity.
If this Day shall happen to be a
Sunday, this Form of Prayer shall be used and the Fast kept the next day
following. And upon the Lord's Day next before the Day to be kept, at Morning
Prayer, immediately after the Nicene Creed, notice shall be given for the due
observation of the said Day.
The Service of the Day shall be the same
with the usual Office for Holy-days in all things; except where it is in this
Office otherwise appointed.
THE ORDER FOR MORNING PRAYER.
He that ministereth, shall begin
with one or more of these Sentences.
TO the Lord our God belong mercies and
forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against
him : neither have we obeyed the voice of the Lord
our God, to walk in his laws which he set before us. Dan. ix. 9,
Correct us, O
Lord, but with judgement : not in
thine anger, lest thou bring us to nothing. Jer. x. 24.
Enter not into
judgement with thy servants, O Lord : for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Psal. cxliii. 2.
Instead of Venite exultemus
the Hymn following shall be said or sung;
one Verse by the Priest, another by the Clerk and people.
RIGHTEOUS art thou, O Lord :
and just are thy judgements! Psal. cxix. 137.
Thou art just, O
Lord, in all that is brought upon us : for thou hast
done right, but we have done wickedly. Neh. ix.
Nevertheless, our feet were almost gone : our treadings had
well-nigh slipped. Psal. lxxiii. 2.
For why? we were grieved
at the wicked : we did also see the ungodly in such prosperity. Ver. 3.
The people stood up, and the rulers took counsel
together : against the Lord, and against his
Anointed. Psal. ii. 2.
They cast their
heads together with one consent : and were
confederate against him. Psal.
He heard the blasphemy of the multitude, and fear was on
every side : while they conspired together against
him, to take away his life. Psal. xxxi. 15.
They spoke against
him with false tongues, and compassed him about with words of
hatred : and fought against him without a cause.
Yea, his own familiar friends, whom he trusted : they that eat of his bread laid great wait for
him. Psal. xli. 9.
They rewarded him
evil for good : to the great discomfort of his
soul. Psal. xxxv. 12.
They took their counsel together, saying, God hath
forsaken him : persecute him, and take him, for
there is none to deliver him. Psal.
The breath of our
nostrils, the Anointed of the Lord was taken in their pits
: of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall be safe. Lam.
The adversary and the enemy entered into the gates of
: saying, When shall he die, and his name perish? Ver. 12. Psal. xli. 5.
Let the sentence of
guiltiness proceed against him : and now that he
lieth, let him rise up no more.
False witnesses also did rise up against
him : they laid to his charge things that he knew
not. Psal. xxxv. 11.
For the sins of the
people, and the iniquities of the priests : they
shed the blood of the just in the midst of Jerusalem.
Lam. iv. 13.
O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their
assembly, mine honour, be not thou
united : for in their anger they slew a man.
Gen. xlix. 6.
Even the man of thy
right hand : the Son of man, whom thou
hadst made so strong for thine own self. Psal.
In the sight of the unwise he seemed to
die : and his departure was taken for misery.
Wisd. iii. 2.
They fools counted
his life madness, and his end to be without honour : but he is in
peace. Wisd. v. 4. & iii. 3.
For though he was punished in the sight of
men : yet was his hope full of immortality.
Wisd. iii. 4.
How is he numbered
with the children of God : and his lot is among the
saints! Wisd. v. 5.
But, O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth, thou God, to whom vengeance
belongeth : be favourable and gracious
unto Sion. Psal.
xciv. 1. & li. 18.
Be merciful, O Lord,
unto thy people, whom thou hast redeemed : and lay
not innocent blood to our charge. Deut. xxi. 8.
O shut not up our souls with sinners
: nor our lives with the bloodthirsty. Psal. xxvi. 9.
Deliver us from
blood-guiltiness, O God, thou that art the God of our salvation : and our tongues shall sing of thy
righteousness. Psal. li. 14.
For thou art the God that hast no pleasure in
wickedness : neither shall any evil dwell with thee.
Psal. v. 4.
Thou wilt destroy
them that speak leasing : the Lord abhors both the
blood-thirsty and deceitful man. Ver. 6.
O how suddenly do they consume
: perish, and come to a fearful end! Psal.
Yea, even like a
dream, when one awaketh : so didst thou
make their image to vanish out of the city. Ver. 19.
Great and marvellous are thy
works, O Lord God Almighty : just and true are thy
ways, O King of saints. Rev.
Righteous art thou,
O Lord: and just are thy judgements.
Psal. cxix. 137.
Glory to the Father, and to the Son
: and to the Holy Ghost;
As it was in the
beginning, is now, and ever shall be: world without end. Amen.
ix, x, xi.
The First, 2 Sam.
The Second, St.
Instead of the first Collect
at Morning Prayer shall these two which next follow be used.
O MOST mighty God, terrible in thy judgements, and wonderful in thy doings toward the
children of men; who in thy heavy displeasure didst suffer the life of our
gracious Sovereign King Charles the First, to be (as this day) taken away by
the hands of cruel and bloody men: We thy sinful creatures here assembled
before thee, do, in the behalf of all the people of this land, humbly confess,
that they were the crying sins of this Nation, which brought down this heavy
judgement upon us. But, O gracious God, when thou
makest inquisition for blood, lay not the guilt of
this innocent blood, (the shedding whereof nothing but the blood of thy Son can
expiate,) lay it not to the charge of the people of this land; nor let it ever
be required of us, or our posterity. Be merciful, O Lord, be merciful unto thy
people, whom thou hast redeemed; and be not angry with us for ever: But pardon
us for thy mercies' sake, through the merits of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
BLESSED Lord, in whose sight the death of thy saints is
precious; We magnify thy Name for the abundant grace bestowed upon our martyred
Sovereign; by which he was enabled so cheerfully to follow the steps of his
blessed Master and Saviour, in a constant meek
suffering of all barbarous indignities, and at last resisting unto blood; and
even then, according to the same pattern, praying for his murderers. Let his
memory, O Lord, be ever blessed among us; that we may follow the example of his
courage and constancy, his meekness and patience, and great charity. And grant,
that this our land may be freed from the vengeance
of his righteous blood, and thy mercy glorified in the forgiveness of our sins:
and all for Jesus Christ his sake, our only Mediator and Advocate.
In the end of the Litany (which shall
always on this Day be used) immediately after the Collect [We humbly
beseech thee, O Father, &c.] the
three Collects next following are to be read.
O LORD, we beseech thee mercifully hear our prayers, and
spare all those who confess their sins unto thee; that they whose consciences
by sin are accused, by thy merciful pardon may be absolved; through Christ our
O MOST mighty God, and merciful Father, who hast
compassion upon all men, and hatest nothing that
thou hast made: who wouldest not the death of a
sinner, but that he would rather turn from his sin, and be saved: Mercifully
forgive us our trespasses; receive and comfort us, who are grieved and wearied
with the burden of our sins. Thy property is always to have mercy; to thee only
it appertaineth to forgive sins. Spare us
therefore, good Lord, spare thy people, whom thou hast redeemed; enter not into
judgement with thy servants, who are vile earth and
miserable sinners; but so turn thine anger from us,
who meekly acknowledge our vileness, and truly repent us of our faults; and so
make haste to help us in this world, that we may ever live with thee in the
world to come; through Jesus Christ our Lord.
TURN thou us, O good Lord, and so shall we be turned. Be
favourable, O Lord, be favourable to thy people, Who
turn to thee in weeping, fasting, and praying. For thou art a merciful God,
Full of compassion, Long-suffering, and of great pity. Though sparest when we
deserve punishment, And in thy wrath
thinkest upon mercy. Spare thy people, good Lord,
spare them, And let not thine heritage be brought to confusion.
Hear us, O Lord, for thy mercy is great, And after
the multitude of thy mercies look upon us, Through the merits and mediation of
thy blessed Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
In the Communion Service, after the Prayer
for the Queen , [Almighty God, whose Kingdom is
everlasting, &c.] instead of the
Collect for the Day these two be used.
O most mighty
Blessed Lord, in whose sight, &c.
As in the Morning
1 St. Pet. ii. 13.
SUBMIT your selves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's
sake: whether it be to the King, as supreme; or unto
governours, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil-doers,
and for the praise of them that do well. For so is the will of God, that with
well-doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of
foolish men: as free, and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness,
but as the servants of God. Honour all men. Love
the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the King.
Servants be subject to your masters with all fear,
not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. For this is thank-worthy, if a man for
conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. For what glory is it,
if when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently?
but if when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take
it patiently; this is acceptable with God. For even hereunto were ye called;
because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should
follow his steps; who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth.
The Gospel. St.
Matth. xxi. 33.
THERE was a certain housholder
which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a wine-press in it, and built a tower, and let it
out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the
husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it. And the husbandmen took
his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. Again, he
sent other servants, more than the first: and they did unto them likewise. But
last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They
will reverence my son. But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among
themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him,
and let us seize on his inheritance. And they caught him, and cast him out of
the vineyard, and slew him. When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh,
what will he do unto those husbandmen? They say unto him, He will miserably
destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen,
which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
After the Nicene
Creed, shall be read, instead of the
Sermon for that Day, the first and second parts of the Homily against
Disobedience and wilful Rebellion, set forth by
Authority; or the Minister who officiates shall preach a Sermon of his own
composing upon the same argument.
In the Offertory shall this Sentence be
WHATSOEVER ye would that men should do unto you, even so
do unto them ; for this is the Law and the Prophets.
St. Matth. vii. 12.
After the Prayer [For the whole state
of Christ's Church, &c.] these two
Collects following shall be used.
O LORD, our
heavenly Father, who dost not punish us as our sins have deserved, but hast in
the midst of judgement remembered mercy; We acknowledge it thine especial favour, that
though for our many and great provocations thou didst suffer
thine anointed blessed King
Charles the First (as on this day) to
fall into the hands of violent and blood-thirsty men, and barbarously to be
murdered by them, yet thou didst not leave us for ever as sheep without a
shepherd; but by thy gracious providence didst miraculously preserve the
undoubted Heir of his Crowns, our then gracious Sovereign King Charles the
Second, from his bloody enemies, hiding him under the shadow of thy wings,
until their tyranny was overpast; and didst bring
him back, in thy good appointed time, to sit upon the throne of his Father; and
together with the Royal Family dist restore to us our ancient Government in
Church and State. For these thy great and unspeakable mercies we render thee
most humble and unfeigned thanks; beseeching thee, still to continue thy
gracious protection over the whole Royal Family, and to grant to our gracious
Sovereign Queen *ELIZABETH, a long and happy Reign over us: So we that are thy
people will give thee thanks for ever, and will always be shewing forth thy praise from generation to generation;
and to grant her a long and happy
reign over us: So we that are thy people, will give thee thanks for ever, and
will alway be shewing
forth thy praise from generation to generation; through Jesus Christ our Lord
and Saviour. Amen.
AND grant, O Lord, we beseech thee,
that the course of this world may be so peaceably ordered by thy
governance, that thy Church may joyfully serve thee in all godly quietness;
through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
THE ORDER FOR EVENING PRAYER.
The Hymn appointed to be used at
Morning Prayer instead of Venite exultemus
shall here also be used before the Proper Psalms.
Righteous art thou, O Lord, &c
Proper Psalms. lxxix, xciv,
The First, Jer. xii.
9 or Dan.
ix. to ver. 22..
The Second, Hebr. xi. ver. 32. and xii.
Instead of the first Collect at Evening
Prayer shall these two which follow be used.
Lord God, who by thy wisdom not only guidest and
orderest all things most suitably to
thine own justice ; but also performest thy pleasure in such a manner, that we cannot
but acknowledge thee to be righteous in all thy ways, and holy in all thy
works: We thy sinful people fall down before thee, confessing that thy
judgements were right in permitting cruel men, sons of Belial, (as on this day)
to imbrue their hands in the blood of thine
Anointed; we having drawn down the same upon ourselves, by the great and long
provocations of our sins against thee. For which we do therefore here humble
ourselves before thee; imploring thy mercy for the pardon of them all; and
that thou wouldst deliver this Nation from blood-guiltiness, (that of this day
especially,) and to turn from us and our posterity all those judegments, which we by
our sins have deserved: Grant this, for the all-sufficient merits of thy Son,
our Saviour Jesus Christ.
BLESSED God, just, and powerful, who didst permit thy dear
Servant, our dread Sovereign King Charles the First, to be (as upon this
day) given up to the violent outrages of wicked men, to be despitefully used,
and at last murdered by them; Though we cannot reflect upon so foul an act but
with horror and astonishment; yet do we most
greatly commemorate the glories of thy grace, which then shined forth in
thine Anointed, whom thou wert pleased, even at the
hour of death, to endue with an eminent measure of exemplary patience,
meekness, and charity, before the face of his cruel enemies. And albeit, thou
didst suffer them to proceed to such an height of violence, as to
kill him, and to take possession of his Throne; yet didst thou in great mercy
preserve his Son, whose right it was, and at length by a wonderful providence
bring him back, and set him thereon, to restore thy true Religion, and to
settle peace among us: For which, we glorify thy Name, through Jesus Christ our
Immediately after the Collect [Lighten
our darkness, &c.] shall these three
next following be used.
O Lord, we
O most might God,
Turn thou us,
As before at Morning
Immediately before the Prayer of Saint
Chrysostom shall this Collect which next followeth
ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, whose righteousness is like the
strong mountains, and thy judgements like the great deep; and who, by that
barbarous murder (as on this day) committed upon the sacred Person of
thine Anointed, hast taught us, that neither the
greatest of Kings, nor the best of men are more secure from violence than from
natural death : Teach us also hereby so to number our days, that we may apply
our hearts unto wisdom. And grant, that neither the splendor of any thing that
is great, nor the conceit of any thing that is good in us, may any way withdraw
our eyes from looking upon our selves as sinful dust and ashes; but that,
according to the example of this thy blessed Martyr, we may press forward
towards the prize of the high calling that is before us, in faith and patience,
humility and meekness, mortification and self-denial, charity and constant
perseverance unto the end: And all this for thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ his
sake; to whom with thee and the Holy Ghost be all honour and glory, world without end.
* These forms follow
an edition of the Book of Common Prayer printed at the University Press, Oxford,
1839, and read Victoria for Elizabeth in the original.